Several statistical and information criteria need to be considered when selecting an adequate model. Incorrect stability and control derivates result from inadequate aerodynamic model structure. Stepwise regression is used to determine the structure for an adequate model. Flight data which covers a nonlinear aerodynamic model range may be analyzed as a single data set or partitioned into several distinct sets. Stepwise regression for model structure detemination and parameter estimation was successfully applied to three aircraft types (single engine general aviation, unaugmented modern jet fighter, jet transport).